Fumban Conference + Constitution: 1961

Free Mola Njoh Litumbe
November 14 ยท
Dear Comrade Jonathan et al

The Foumban Conference of July 1961 was not properly constituted because the Southern Cameroons delegation had no constitutional power to validly discuss SC external relations with third parties. The Constitution of Southern Cameroons at the time was “The Southern Cameroons Order-in-Council 1960” which was a British colonial law passed by the British Parliament on 1st October 1960. That British colonial law under which Dr John Ngu Foncha was designated Premier (not Prime Minister) of the SC Govt created a Ministerial Government in Southern Cameroons effective 1st Oct 1960 the day Southern Cameroons ceased to be governed by the British Gov-General of Nigeria, and when Nigeria attained independence,

The 1960 SC Order in Council transferred the administration of Southern Cameroons back to the Br Govt in London, which designated an expatriate colonial officer as “Commissioner for Cameroons,” who represented the Br Crown on the spot in Buea. Dr Foncha’s Govt had no portfolios for Defence or Foreign Relations, as these portfolios were reserved for the British Colonial office in London. That is why Southern Cameroons was defended by seconded British troops from the UK who remained in place until 30th Sept 1961 when the British trust mandate over the territory expired.

In the UN General Assembly Res. 1514 of 14 Dec. 1960 which provided that all colonial and trust territories which had not yet attained independence on that date should be granted UNCONDITIONAL Independence, British Cameroons became a candidate for Sovereign independence. But having been governed from Nigeria until 30 Sept 1960, the defence was assured by the Nigerian Army, domestic control by the Nigeria Police Force, and most senior Administrative officers were Nigerian Civil servants. A dramatic withdrawal of all these services would have created chaos. That is why the British Govt succeeded in convincing the UN to agree that Br. Cameroons should attain independence by joining either Nigeria or La Republique du Cameroun. This was followed by the Plebiscite of 11/12 Feb. 1961, the results of which were debated by UN General Assembly Res. 1608 of 21 Apr 1961, which terminated the British trust mandate over Northern Br. Camerooons on 1 June 1961, and that over Southern Br Cameroons at midnight of 30 Sept 1961. Prior to that date, Res. 1608 provided that there had to be an Urgent Conference between the British Administering Authority, the Govt of Southern Cameroons, and the Govt of La Republique du Camerouns to draw up a Joining Agreement, pursuant to Art 102 of the (Charter) Constitution of the UN, in which La Republique du Cameroun had been admitted a member as from 20 Sept 1960. Unfortunately, that Conference never took place, so there is no joining Agreement, a copy of which had to be mandatorily filed at the UN Secretariat to legitimize the Union. It is therefore safe to state that the process for making a legitimate union between a member state of the UN as LRC then was, with the UN trust territory of S. Cameroons ,having not been complied with, the parties have never legally joined, but are living in a state of political concubinage but not of legal wedlock.

Upon the departure of the British defence forces on 30th Sept 1961, La Republique du Cameroun took advantage of the void and marched its own forces into Southern Cameroons, and has been in colonial occupation till date. Since the date of the independence of the territory of Southern Cameroons was fixed by the UN General Assembly for 1st Oct 1961, this independence was suppressed by La Republique du Cameroun marching into and annexing the defenceless territory a day before S. Cameroons was to graduate to sovereignty. There is evidence that on 30 Sept 1961, Britain, contrary to the landmark Res. 1514, handed the Instruments of Power over Southern Cameroons, not the indigenous Govt of Southern Cameroons, but to La Republique du Cameroun instead.

The Southern Cameroons (Ambazonia) Referendum for self-determination in progress is to prove to the UN that Britain failed in its trust duty in not handing the Instruments of Power to the indigenous Govt of Southern Cameroons then in place, but to a third party, thereby aiding and abetting the annexation of the territory and People of Southern Cameroons to the colonial servitude of La Republique du Cameroun. Because Southern Cameroons was a UN trust territory under British Administration, it is legitimate to seek the support of the UN to this failed or uncompleted process of de-colonization.


Humbly submitted